There are two main types of lung cancer, non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and small cell lung cancer (SCLC), and both have different stages.
NSCLC has four stages:
1. Stage I: Cancer is confined to the lung and hasn’t spread to nearby lymph nodes.
2. Stage II: Cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes and may have started to invade nearby tissues or organs.
3. Stage III: Cancer has spread to the lymph nodes in the chest or nearby organs, such as the heart or esophagus.
4. Stage IV: Cancer has spread to distant body parts like the brain, liver or bones.
SCLC has two stages:
1. Limited stage: Cancer is confined to one lung and may have spread to nearby lymph nodes.
2. Extensive stage: Cancer has spread to the other lung or to distant parts of the body.
It’s important to note that each individual’s cancer case is unique and may differ from these stages. Treatment options will vary based on the stage and type of lung cancer, as well as other factors such as a patient’s overall health and preferences.
Stage 2 lung cancer symptoms may include:
1. Chronic cough that gets worse over time
2. Sputum production
3. Chest pain
4. Shortness of breath
7. Unexplained weight loss
9. Loss of appetite
10. Respiratory infections.
It is important to note that not everyone with stage 2 lung cancer will experience all of these symptoms, and some people may not experience any symptoms at all. If you are concerned about any possible symptoms, it is always best to talk to your doctor.
Stage 3 and 4 lung cancer can cause a range of symptoms, including:
1) Persistent cough that worsens over time
2) Shortness of breath, even with light activity
3) Chest pain that worsens with deep breathing, coughing, or laughing
4) Hoarseness or other changes in the voice
5) Difficulty swallowing
6) Unexplained weight loss
7) Fatigue and weakness
8) Loss of appetite
9) Blood in coughed-up mucus
10) Bone pain
It’s important to note that these symptoms can be caused by a variety of conditions, so it’s important to speak with a healthcare provider if you experience any persistent symptoms.
In general, lung cancer stage 3 is considered to be locally advanced and may have spread to nearby lymph nodes or structures. The operability of lung cancer stage 3 depends on various factors such as the size and location of the tumour, the extent of spread, and your overall health. Surgical resection may be a treatment option for some people with stage 3 lung cancer, but it is typically performed in combination with chemotherapy and radiation therapy. It’s best to consult with a qualified medical professional who can provide you with personalised information and recommendations based on your specific circumstances.
With advancements in medical treatments and early detection, some individuals diagnosed with lung cancer can live full life. It ultimately depends on the individual case, the stage at which the cancer is diagnosed, and the individual’s overall health and response to treatment. It is important to work closely with medical professionals and follow their advice for the best possible outcome. The survival is much better now than in the recent past.
Secure your appointment with our accomplished Specialist