Thoracic surgery involves operations on organs within the chest cavity, including the lungs, heart, esophagus, and more. While the surgery itself is performed under anesthesia, pain is typically managed postoperatively through medication. It is normal to experience some discomfort after thoracic surgery, but measures are taken to alleviate pain and promote a smooth recovery. Your surgeon and healthcare team will work to ensure you are as comfortable as possible during this time. It is important to follow their instructions for pain management and communicate any concerns you may have.