People have thoracic surgery for a variety of reasons, depending on their specific condition. Thoracic surgery involves operating on organs and structures within the thoracic (chest) cavity, including the lungs, esophagus, heart, and major blood vessels.
Some common reasons for thoracic surgery include:
1. Lung disease: Thoracic surgery may be necessary to treat conditions such as lung cancer, lung infections (e.g., tuberculosis), pulmonary hypertension, or complications from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
2. Heart conditions: Certain heart conditions require surgical intervention, such as coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), valve repair or replacement, or surgical interventions for congenital heart defects.
3. Esophageal disorders: Surgery may be needed to treat conditions affecting the esophagus, including gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), esophageal cancer, esophageal strictures, or esophageal motility disorders.
4. Mediastinal masses: Surgery may be performed to remove abnormal growths or tumors in the mediastinum, which is the central compartment of the chest containing the heart, thymus, and other structures.
5. Trauma: Thoracic surgery may be necessary in cases of severe chest trauma, such as a punctured lung, fractured ribs, or damaged blood vessels.
It is important to note that the decision to undergo thoracic surgery is made by medical professionals after a thorough examination and evaluation of each individual case.